Index

Actor-observer bias

“Everyone is responsible for their own behaviour… Except me!”

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Automation bias

"When making a decision, I have too much confidence in machines, and tend to neglect my own judgement."

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Barnum effect

“I see myself described accurately in vague and generic descriptions of personality."

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Base rate neglect fallacy

“I misjudge the probability of an event by ignoring important background information.”

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Belief bias

“If it corresponds to my knowledge and beliefs, it must be true.”

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Blind spot bias

“Other people are more biased than I. "

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Choice supportive bias

“I exaggerate the benefits of an option after choosing it.”

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Confirmation bias

“When I research a topic, I favour information that supports my hypothesis and ignore information that contradicts it.”

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Conjunction fallacy

“I judge it to be more probable that two events will occur together than that one of them will occur alone.”

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Dunning-Kruger effect

"The less I am qualified, the more I overestimate my competence. The more I am qualified, the more I underestimate my competence."

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Echo chamber

“Everyone seems to agree with me, so I must be right.”

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Effort justification bias

“I evaluate an outcome relative to the amount of effort it took to achieve it.”

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Escalation of commitment bias

“I keep going in the wrong direction despite increasingly negative results.”

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Essentialism bias

"I believe that social groups have a distinct and unchanging essence."

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Fundamental attribution error

“I explain the actions of a person through their personal characteristics while underestimating the influence of the situation.”

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Hindsight bias

“I knew it was going to happen all along. "

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Illusion of control

"It is not luck, I did it."

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Illusion of knowledge

"I am under the impression that I know and understand more than what I really know and understand."

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Illusion of transparency

“I believe my thoughts and feelings are more accessible to others than they actually are.”

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Illusory correlation

“I am convinced there is a link between two events I have witnessed, but they are not related.”

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Impact bias

"When we think about how we will react to possible future events, we tend to overestimate both the intensity and duration of our emotions."

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In-group bias

"My group is better than yours."

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Just-world hypothesis

“You reap what you sow.”

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Near bias effect

"We care less about future experiences than we do about near ones. "

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Negativity bias

"When I have to assess a situation, negative events weigh more in the balance than positive events."

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Optimism bias

"It won't happen to me; it only happens to others."

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Repetition effect

"I judge repeated information as being more likely to be true than new information."

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Self-fulfilling prophecy

“What I predict comes true.”

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Self-serving bias

"If I succeed, it is my doing, but if I fail, it is not my fault."

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Social desirability bias

"To look good to these people, I'm going to say what they want to hear instead of what I really think."

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Stereotypes and prejudices

“Women are gentle and motherly, so it's normal for them to stay home to take care of the children.”

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Win-Stay/Lose-Shift

“I am more likely to repeat actions when I succeed, I am more likely to change actions when I fail.”

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Zeigarnik effect

"I remember interrupted or ongoing tasks and problems more easily than I remember ones that are completed or solved."

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